Head lice are mostly gotten by kids, because they come in close contact with one another, playing or studying together. So if your kid has got nits and lice in his or her hair, there is really no time to lose, because lice can easily spread to other members of your family.
Now, to treat lice and nits properly you should learn more about them. Head lice come in three forms: adult lice, nymphs (or baby lice), and nits (or lice eggs). Adult lice and their babies have six legs each. Nymphs are of light color, but when they mature, they turn a darker shade. Most lice disguise themselves, turning the color of their host’s hair. To learn more, see: Head lice pictures.
Nits look like little white or yellowish oval eggs. They are about 1 mm in length. Live nits are glued to the hair, mainly in about 1 inch away from the scalp. Nits cannot move, so in a way they are easier to spot and remove than adult lice.
Nits hatch in about 7 to 10 days after they have been laid. Within ten more days nymphs mature and start laying more nits. An adult louse lives for about 30 days. The female can lay around 100 nits during this time. So, lice do multiply fast.
Now, even though head lice feed on human blood, they cannot infect people with various diseases. However, they can cause some skin itching and red bumps on the skin. If your kids persist in scratching their scalps, they may get an infection of the skin called impetigo.
Nits and lice require different kinds of treatment. They can’t be killed with one single chemical or natural product. Keep this in mind, when treating your kids for lice.
If you kill only adult lice or nymphs, but leave the nits, your kids will get reinfected with lice in about one week.